Thursday, December 25, 2014

This article was originally published in Backcountry Hunter and Angler Magazine's Summer 2014 edition.
What is Fair Chase?
                I recently received a notice from my BHA chapter about a meeting to discuss the use of drones for scouting and hunting game animals. To many this doesn't seem "fair" as it doesn't align with principles of "fair chase." With this meeting on the horizon, it seems appropriate to consider what "fair chase" is. And to do it again, if you've done some thinking about it already. This particular technological advancement, like high fences, canned hunts and baiting, has received a very strong reaction from many in the hunting community. However, the length of that same list of activities, all of which are currently in use, is evidence that the concept of "fair chase" remains unclear, and its practice is not universally valued even among hunters. People who are against hunting in general tend to point to practices that appear unfair, or unsporting, or unnecessarily cruel, to support their reasoning that what we do is reprehensible. 

Too often we return to thinking about values, of all sorts, only when faced with a glaring violation of them. Our gut-check reaction to it inspires us to resist the violation, maybe even become "activists" around the issue. Yet it is exhausting to maintain that intensity and eventually we return to some sort of apathy, once the battle is over or we're too tired to continue. This apathy can lead us, or allow us, to tolerate the little red flags that are indicators of the long and steady erosion of these principles. What we are facing now did not start with drones. Their use did not spring from the diabolical mind of some evil sociopath masquerading as a hunter. We, the hunting community, allowed it.  Even encouraged it. We are complicit in its development, and therefore responsible for correcting it.

Ask yourself, is the gear that you buy to go hunting with chosen because you have measured it against the yardstick of "fair chase?" What is "fair?" It implies something like a sporting event where both parties respect each other enough to agree to rules that ensure that winning or losing is determined by their individual skills and abilities. Not whether they stacked the deck against their opponent. Or successfully spied on their opponent's training session. Or managed to steal their game plan. So, back to hunting. Where do imported exotic animals held behind high fences fit into this concept of fair chase? Or barrels of vanilla wafers soaked in molasses, set out to attract starving bears fresh from hibernation? Or trail cams? Do we really need such advantages in order to have the experience we are looking for? Are they "fair?"

To me, the admittedly abstract concept of "fair chase" implies that how and why I hunt or fish is more important than whether or not I get anything. It's not survival anymore, our nation is too fat for me to believe that (and so am I). Nor is it a competition. We've won. Run the score up anymore and we won't have anyone to play with. It's a privilege, a tradition, an occupation that some cannot imagine living without, and to many it's a spiritual pursuit which demands reverence and respect for the creatures and places involved, or it will eventually go away. I subscribe to the latter view, which is why I react with revulsion to the idea of harassing or killing anything that is not trying to kill me, from a drone.

I am happy that BHA is taking a leadership stance on this issue, as they have done with so many other issues critical to the survival of both hunting and fishing activities, and to the retention of relatively undisturbed places to pursue them. However, it is not clear to me that there is a concise and unified stance on what "fair chase" is, even within BHA. I believe this has contributed to a steady erosion of the practice of it in modern hunting society. Without a clear definition, it is fair for someone to think "We allow compound bows with scopes, and laser rangefinders, and trigger releases.  Why not crossbows?" It is fair to say, "We pay people to help us find a trophy animal in the wild, why not make it even easier by locking the critters behind a fence?" It is logical for someone to think, "We use trail cams to locate animals and map out their movements, why not drones?" Until we define "fair chase" clearly, and then consistently behave and shop in a manner that reflects the principle, we leave loopholes of logic through which anyone might fall, well-meaning hunters and gear manufacturers alike. 

One way to keep the concept of fair chase front and center is to strive to make the evolution of your equipment preserve the challenge of your endeavor. Harder demonstrates virtues of desire, determination, respect, and self-discipline. Easier demonstrates….well, you fill in the gap. Never let anyone shame you when you follow your conscience by calling you a "purist," "extremist" or "snob."  Labels say plenty about the person applying them, and virtually nothing about you. Good judgment has nothing to do with being judgmental. 

Whether new technology fits the "fair chase" definition should be determined by the number of conscientious participants involved in the decision, not by the wallet of the industry representative or the politically divided government agency. Be deeply suspicious of what the outdoor industry tells you is a valid or better way to do things, and decide for yourself. While industry representatives may be outdoor enthusiasts like us, and we depend on them for many things, the industry is about money first, not "fair chase." The good thing is, if we don't buy it, they won't make it.  

Hunters need to self-regulate, or they will be regulated. 

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